Musical (1959)

Musique: Mary Rodgers
Paroles: Marshall Barer
Livret: Dean Fuller • Jay Thompson • Marshall Barer
Production à la création:

If you thought you knew the story of 'The Princess and The Pea,' you may be in for a walloping surprise! Did you know, for instance, that Princess Winnifred actually swam the moat to reach Prince Dauntless the Drab? Or that Lady Larken's love for Sir Harry provided a rather compelling reason that she reach the bridal altar post haste? Or that, in fact, it wasn't the pea at all that caused the princess a sleepless night? Carried on a wave of wonderful songs, by turns hilarious and raucous, romantic and melodic, this rollicking spin on the familiar classic of royal courtship and comeuppance provides for some side-splitting shenanigans. Chances are you'll never look at fairy tales quite the same way again.

Act I
A fictional medieval kingdom is ruled by the devious Queen Aggravain and the mute King Sextimus the Silent. King Sextimus suffers from a curse that can only be reversed "when the mouse devours the hawk." The Minstrel sings of the Princess and the Pea ("Many Moons Ago"), though he knows the true tale because he was there when it happened. The princess in the story wasn't the first girl tested to see if she was worthy of marrying Prince Dauntless the Drab—she was one of 13 girls. The day the Minstrel arrives, the Queen is testing Princess #12 with an unfair quiz. To the Queen's delight, the princess misses the last question: "What was the middle name of the daughter-in-law of the best friend of the blacksmith who forged the sword that killed the Beast?" and is given a rubber chicken by Sir Studley. The populace of the castle complains about an unjust law levied by Queen Aggravain: "Throughout the land no one may wed, 'till Dauntless shares his wedding bed." However, every petitioning princess is sent away after failing an unfair test devised by the Queen. It seems that no one is good enough to marry Prince Dauntless ("An Opening for A Princess").

The crisis escalates when the leading knight of the realm, Sir Harry, discovers that his girlfriend, Lady Larken, is pregnant. Though Lady Larken says that she will run away so he will never have to face embarrassment and the loss of his station, Sir Harry decides that he will set out to find a princess himself ("In a Little While"). He petitions the Queen who immediately says no, but when Dauntless manages to speak up and beg, she gives in.

The Minstrel tells us that in the original story, the princess arrived at the castle on a stormy night (On a stormy night, through the castle door/Came the lass the prince had been waiting for), but it wasn't night at all-and the princess only looked as though she went through a storm. Princess Winnifred the Woebegone, a brash and unrefined princess from the marshlands, was so eager to arrive that she swam the castle moat. She immediately charms Dauntless, Studley, the knights and most of the kingdom ("Shy"). However, she also earns the utter loathing of the evil Queen, who vows to stop her.

The King discovers Larken's pregnancy and pantomimes this to his confidantes, the Minstrel and the Jester. He tells them to not say a word, but they both are more worried about the King letting it slip, because even though he's mute, he can still communicate ("The Minstrel, the Jester, and I"). Later, the Queen, assisted by her Wizard sidekick, design a test for Winnifred based on something they are sure she hasn't got at all—"Sensitivity". They will place a tiny pea beneath twenty thick downy mattresses. If Winnifred is unable to sleep due to the pea, then she will be sensitive enough to marry Dauntless.

Meanwhile, Winnifred tells Dauntless and the ladies in waiting about her home in the swamp ("The Swamps of Home") and meets the King, and they immediately like each other. Then, after spilling a purple vase filled with fresh new baby's breath, Winnifred is caught cleaning the mess by Lady Larken who mistakes her for a chambermaid. Soon Harry gets mad at Larken for her mistake and they get in a fight. Larken vows that she'll run far far away where she'll never see him again.

The King, the Minstrel and the Jester catch Larken trying to run away, and they try to stop her but in the end decide to help her escape to "Normandy". Later that night, the Queen throws a ball so Winnifred can dance the most exhausting dance in the world, "The Spanish Panic". The Queen hopes that Winnifred will tire herself, but the plan fails. Winnifred is the last one standing as everyone collapses from exhaustion at the dance's climax. She asks Dauntless to try to give her a clue as to what the test might be, but he's not sure. He brings out a huge barbell that one of the princesses was asked to lift, but even he can't lift it. Winnifred does easily and Dauntless admits that he loves her. Winnifred mentions that her nickname is Fred and Dauntless sings of his love for her as she practices numerous tasks she might have to do for the test, including singing, dancing, wrestling, acting, playing the Minstrel's lute, pantomiming and drinking herself unconscious ("Song of Love").

Act II
Later that night, the Queen leads the knights and ladies as they carry the twenty mattresses to Fred's room ("Quiet"), and she catches the Minstrel, the Jester, the King, and Larken (disguised in Dauntless' clothes) running away. The Minstrel tries to protect Larken by saying he was escaping with Larken against her will. The Queen declares that the Minstrel will be banished by daybreak. Fred and Dauntless study for the test, and Fred convinces Larken to fix things with Harry. Larken leaves to find Harry, Dauntless bids Fred goodnight, and now she is left alone. While studying a fairytale, she complains about how other fairy tale princesses had it easy and how she wants to live "Happily Ever After". King Sextimus has a "Man to Man Talk" with Dauntless about the birds and the bees completely in pantomime. The Jester and Minstrel trick the Wizard into telling them of the test and the Jester reminisces about his father's dancing days ("Very Soft Shoes").

Sir Harry and Lady Larken run into each other and they confess that their love is stronger than ever ("Yesterday I Loved You"). When Fred is finally ready for bed, the Queen brings in various people, including the Nightingale of Samarkand, to sing her to sleep ("Nightingale Lullaby") but Winnifred is kept wide awake. It seems that there is some "lump" under the mattresses that is keeping her from relaxing. She starts counting sheep.

Dauntless dresses in his finest to see Winnifred pass the test, but the Queen tells him to his great disappointment that the test has already happened and what it was. Dauntless is heartbroken until Winnifred drowsily stumbles into the throne room while still counting sheep. Everyone is ecstatic that Winnifred has passed but the Queen insists that Dauntless shouldn't throw himself away on Winnifred. Dauntless has had enough of his mother's attempts to control his life and finally yells, "I told you to shut up!". The curse on King Sextimus is lifted (the "mouse"- Dauntless, has metaphorically devoured the "hawk"- Queen Aggravain). Aggravaine discovers that she cannot talk and the King can, so Dauntless and Winnifred are free to be married. The King forces the Queen to hop, skip, and jump around the room to everyone's amusement.

Finally the real reason why Winnifred passed the test is revealed. After learning about the test, the King, Minstrel, and Jester stuffed the mattresses full of weapons, jousting equipment, and other sharp items. All the items are removed by the Jester in the "Finale". After the items are removed Winnifred still has trouble sleeping until Dauntless takes the pea out from under the mattress, when she then falls asleep almost immediately. Everyone, in classic fairy-tale tradition, lives happily ever after.

The original production opened on May 11, 1959 at the off-Broadway Phoenix Theatre (now transformed into a multi-plex cinema, located on the Lower East Side), transferred later in the year to Broadway at the Alvin Theatre (now known as the Neil Simon Theatre) and then to several other Broadway theaters, finally playing at the St. James Theatre, for a total run of 244 performances. The musical was directed by George Abbott and choreographed by Joe Layton. Once Upon A Mattress marked the Broadway debut of later stage and TV legend Carol Burnett, who originated the role of Princess Winnifred. Also featured were Joseph Bova, Allen Case, Jack Gilford and Matt Mattox. Jane White played the role of Queen Aggravain, becoming the first African-American actress to portray a white character on the Broadway stage. Jack Gilford played King Sextimus The Silent and was later replaced by Will Lee, Gilford's standby, prior to the show's move to Broadway. The musical received a Tony Award nomination for Best Musical as well as a Best Leading Actress nomination for Carol Burnett.

In August 1960, soon after the closing of the Broadway run, rehearsals were called for a seven-month US tour which would move from city to city by train, truck and bus. Jack Sydow stepped from his role as King into the position of Director. Dody Goodman played Winnifred at first, then Imogene Coca picked up the role. Carol Arthur understudied them both, and played the Nightingale of Samarkand. Fritzi Burr played the Queen and Buster Keaton played the King. Keaton's wife Eleanor was placed in the chorus. Keaton warmed up to the cast of younger actors, dispensing grandfatherly advice and chocolates freely.

A London production of Once Upon a Mattress opened in September 1960 at the Adelphi Theatre and ran for one month. Jane Connell starred and got rave notices.

A Broadway revival starring Sarah Jessica Parker, Lewis Cleale and Jane Krakowski opened on December 19, 1996 at the Broadhurst Theatre and ran for 188 performances. The production was nominated for the 1997 Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical. This Broadway revival wardrobe is on display at the Costume World Broadway Collection in South Florida.

Act I
Overture - Orchestra
Many Moons Ago - Minstrel
An Opening For a Princess - Prince Dauntless, Lady Larken, Ensemble
In a Little While - Sir Harry, Lady Larken
In a Little While (reprise) - Sir Harry, Larken
Shy - Princess Winnifred, Knights and Ladies
The Minstrel, the Jester, and I - Minstrel, Jester, King Sextimus
Sensitivity - Queen Aggravain, Wizard
The Swamps of Home - Princess Winnifred, Prince Dauntless, Ladies-in-Waiting
Normandy - Minstrel, Jester, Larken, King Sextimus
Spanish Panic - Orchestra, Ensemble
Song of Love - Prince Dauntless, Princess Winnifred, Ensemble

Act II
Entracte - Orchestra
Quiet - Queen Aggravain, Ensemble
Goodnight, Sweet Princess - Prince Dauntless (Revival only)
Happily Ever After - Princess Winnifred
Man to Man Talk - Prince Dauntless, King Sextimus
Very Soft Shoes - Jester
Yesterday I Loved You - Sir Harry, Lady Larken
Nightingale Lullaby - Nightingale of Samarkand
Finale - Prince Dauntless, Princess Winnifred, Queen Aggravain, King Sextimus, Ensemble

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Once Upon a Mattress

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Once Upon a Mattress

Version 1

Once Upon a Mattress (1959-05-Phoenix Theatre-Off Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Second Avenue Theatre (Broadway (Off) - Etats-Unis)
Durée :
Nombre : 216 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 11 May 1959
Dernière: Inconnu
Mise en scène : ???? ????
Chorégraphie : ???? ????
Producteur :
Star(s) :

Version 2

Once Upon a Mattress (1959-11-Broadway Run)

Type de série: Broadway Transfer
Théâtre: Broadway Run (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 2 mois 4 semaines
Nombre : 244 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 25 November 1959
Dernière: 22 February 1960
Mise en scène : George Abbott
Chorégraphie : Joe Layton
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Princess Winnifred ... Carol Burnett / Prince Dauntless ... Joseph Bova / Lady Larken ... Anne Jones / Lord Howard ... Gene Kelton / The King Sextimus ... Will Lee / Sir Studley ... Tom Mixon / Jester ... Jerry Newby / Minstrel ... Harry Snow / Wizard ... Robert Weil / The Queen Aggravain ... Jane White
Commentaires longs: Main Run
Alvin Theatre [New York, NY] 25/11/1959 - 22/2/1960
Winter Garden Theatre [New York, NY] 24/2/1960 - 23/4/1960
Cort Theatre [New York, NY] 25/4/1960 - 7/5/1960
St. James Theatre [New York, NY] 9/5/1960 - 2/7/1960

Version 3

Once Upon a Mattress (1960-09-Adelphi Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Adelphi Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée :
Nombre : 38 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première: 20 September 1960
Dernière: Inconnu
Mise en scène : George Abbott
Chorégraphie : Joe Layton
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Jane Connell / Peter Grant / Robin Hunter / Bill Kerr / Patricia Lambert / Bill Newman / Thelma Ruby / Max Wall

Version 4

Once Upon a Mattress (1996-12-Broadburst Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Broadhurst Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 6 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 35 previews - 188 représentations
Première Preview : 18 November 1996
Première: 19 December 1996
Dernière: 01 July 1997
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie : Liza Gennaro
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Princess Winnifred ... Sarah Jessica Parker / Prince Dauntless ... David Aaron Baker / The Royal Cellist ... Laura Bontrager / The Nightingale of Samarkand ... Ann Brown / Minstrel ... Lawrence Clayton / Sir Harry ... Lewis Cleale / Jester ... David Hibbard / Lady Larken ... Jane Krakowski / The King Sextimus ... Heath Lamberts / Master Merton ... Tom Alan Robbins

Version 5

Once Upon a Mattress (2003-05-Landor Theatre-London)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Landor Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 1 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : 01 May 2003
Première: 01 May 2003
Dernière: 07 June 2003
Mise en scène : Robert McWhir
Chorégraphie : Chris Stewart
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Donna Steele (Princess Winnifred), William Maidwell (Prince Dauntless), Dian Perry (Queen Agravain), Ian Dring (King), Nick Dutton (Minstrel), Chris Riddy (Jester), Tom Attwood (Wizard), Alistair Munro (Sir Harry)
Commentaires : This was a production where the actors doubled as musicians and was very well received.

Version 6

Once Upon a Mattress (2012-12-Union Theatre-London)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Union Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 1 mois
Nombre :
Première Preview : 29 November 2012
Première: 01 December 2012
Dernière: 05 January 2013
Mise en scène : Kirk Jameson
Chorégraphie : Racky Plews
Producteur :
Star(s) :
Avec: Winnifred ... Jenny O'Leary / Queen Aggravain ... Paddy Glynn / King Sextimus ... Denis Quilligan / Prince Dauntless ... Mark Anderson / Lady Larkin ... Kimberly Blake / Sir Harry ... Stiofan O'Doherty / Jester ... Daniel Bartlett / Sir Studley ... Ashley Cooper

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