Musical (1928)

Musique: Sigmund Romberg
Paroles: Oscar Hammerstein II
Livret: Frank Mandel • Laurence Schwab • Oscar Hammerstein II
Production à la création:

The New Moon is the name of an operetta with music by Sigmund Romberg and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II, Frank Mandel, and Laurence Schwab. The show was the third and last in a string of Broadway hits for Romberg (after The Student Prince (1924) and The Desert Song (1926)) written in the style of Viennese operetta. It spawned a number of revivals and two film versions, and it is still played by light opera companies. The piece turned out to be "Broadway's last hit operetta".

Robert is a young French aristocrat whose revolutionist inclinations force him to flee his country. Under an assumed name, he sells himself as a bond-servant to planter and ship-owner Monsieur Beaunoir and his family in New Orleans in 1792. Because the Paris police are looking everywhere for him, Robert cannot tell Beaunoir or Beaunoir's beautiful daughter Marianne, with whom he has fallen in love, that he is of noble blood. Eventually he is tracked down by Vicomte Ribaud, the detective villain, and put aboard a ship, the New Moon, so that he can be returned to France. Robert thinks he has been betrayed by Marianne, who has gained her father's consent to travel on the same ship, pretending that she is in love with the ship's captain, Duval. A mutiny occurs, and Robert and the bond-servants come into power. Everyone goes ashore on the Isle of Pines, and a new republic is founded.

The republic flourishes under Robert's guidance, but Marianne, her pride hurt, at first refuses to marry Robert. French ships arrive, apparently to reclaim the island. Vicomte Ribaud expects them to conquer the island for the King of France. But the French Commander reveals that there has been a revolution in France, and that all aristocrats must die unless they renounce their titles. Ribaud, a Royalist, heads for execution, but republican Robert renounces his title. All ends happily for him and Marianne.

The New Moon debuted in Philadelphia on Christmas Eve, 1927. The tryout was a failure, and the show was extensively revised before another tryout in Cleveland in August 1928 and then moving to New York. Al Goodman conducted in both Philadelphia and New York.

The operetta opened on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre on September 19, 1928, ran for 519 performances, and closed at the Casino Theatre on December 14, 1929. The production used set designs by Donald Oenslager. The work was produced in London's West End at the Drury Lane Theatre in 1929. Although the piece then had international productions and stock revivals into the 1950s, it then disappeared for a few decades. One commentator wrote, "What has kept The New Moon from being as familiar as Naughty Marietta or The Student Prince is perhaps its chronological place at the end of operetta's reign over the musical stage.

The operetta was restaged faithfully in 1986 by the New York City Opera and was telecast by PBS in 1989. The Light Opera of Manhattan staged the work several times in the 1980s.

City Center Encores! presented a semi-staged revival at New York City Center in March 2003. The Encores production was presented during the run-up to the Iraq War and part of the audience responded with loud applause and cheers to the line "One can be loyal to one's country and yet forswear its leader".

Act I
Dainty Wisp of a Thistledown (Ensemble)
Marianne (Robert)
The Girl on The Prow (Marianne, Besac and Ensemble)
Gorgeous Alexander (Julie, Alexander and Girls)
An Interrupted Love Song (Captain Georges Duval, Marianne and Robert)
Tavern Song (Flower Girl, a Dancer and Ensemble)
Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise (Philippe and Ensemble)
Stout-hearted Men (Robert, Philippe and Men)
Fair Rosita (Girls and The Dancers)
One Kiss (Marianne and Girls)
Ladies of the Jury (Alexander, Julie, Clotilde Lombaste and Girls)
Wanting You (Marianne and Robert)

Act II
A Chanty (Besac and Men)
Funny Little Sailor Man (Clotilde Lombaste, Besac and Ensemble)
Lover, Come Back to Me (Marianne)
Love Is Quite a Simple Thing (Robert, Besac, Alexander and Julie)
Try Her Out at Dances (Alexander, Julie and Girls)
Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise (reprise) (Phillippe and Men)
Never (for You) (Marianne)
Lover, Come Back to Me (reprise) (Robert and Men)

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant New Moon (The)

Version 1

New Moon (The) (1928-09-Imperial Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Imperial Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 an 2 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 509 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 19 septembre 1928
Première : mercredi 19 septembre 1928
Dernière : samedi 14 décembre 1929
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Olga Albani (Flower Girl), Lazlo Aliga (Ensemble), Beulah Baker (Ensemble), Daniel Barnes (Proprietor of the Tavern), Herman BelmonteIda Berry (Ensemble), Dulcie Bond (Ensemble), Rosalie Brumm (Ensemble), Kay Burnell (Ensemble), Ned Byers (Ensemble), Marie Callahan (Julie), Vance Campbell (Ensemble), John Cardini (Ensemble), Helen Casey (Ensemble), Cecilia Caskey (Ensemble), Dorothy Christie (Ensemble), Thomas Coppe (Ensemble), Dorice Covert (Ensemble), Thomas Dale (Fouchette), Barbara Dare (Ensemble), James Davis (Ensemble), David DeGrave (Ensemble), Frank Dobert (Ensemble), Dody Donnelly (Ensemble), Lester Dorr (Captain Dejean), Frank Dowling (Ensemble), Lyle Evans (Besac), Max Figman (Vicomte Ribaud), Marion Frances (Ensemble), Novella Fromm (Ensemble), R. E. Garcia (Ensemble), Gloria Glennon (Ensemble), Sigmund Glukoff (Ensemble), Dorothy Grady (Ensemble), Ruth Grady (Ensemble), Olga Grannis (Ensemble), Frank Grinnel (Ensemble), John Gutcher (Ensemble), Robert Halliday (Robert), Patrick Henry (Ensemble), Evelyn Herbert (Marianne), Hernadez Brother Trio (The Musicans), Dorothy Higgins (Ensemble), Esther Howard (Clotilde Lombaste), Ruth Jennings (Ensemble), Tina Marie Jensen (Ensemble), Leon Kairoff (Ensemble), Andrew Keller (Ensemble), T. W. Kendall (Ensemble), Constance King (Ensemble), George Kirk (Ensemble), Sylvia LaMarde (Ensemble), Elmira Lane (Ensemble), Gloria Lee (Ensemble), Sol Leimas (Ensemble), Carl Linke (Ensemble), Rita Marks (Ensemble), Phyllis Marren (Ensemble), Charles V. Maynard (Ensemble), Ernest McChesney (Ensemble), Wallace McLeod (Ensemble), Frances Mildern (Ensemble), Earle Mitchell (Jacques), Al Monty (Ensemble), Christine Morey (Ensemble), Charles Muhs (Ensemble), Jack Murray (Ensemble), Edward Nell, Jr. (Captain Paul Duval), William O'Neal (Phillippe), Cornelius Pilcher (Ensemble), Rae Powell (Ensemble), William Prevost (Ensemble), Basil Prock (Ensemble), Ramon (One of The Dancers), Sverre Rasmussen (Ensemble), Pacie Ripple (Monsieur Beaunoir), Sylvia Roberts (Ensemble), Joe Rogers (Ensemble), Rosita (One of The Dancers), W. M. Rytter (Ensemble), Leon Sabater (Ensemble), Marnie Sawyer (Ensemble), Howard Schreiber (Ensemble), Edith Sheldon (A Dancer), Bart Shilling (Ensemble), Gus Shy (Alexander), Edward Smythe (Ensemble), Marjorie Sneller (Ensemble), Carl Streib (Ensemble), Carola Taylor (Ensemble), Elizabeth Taylor (Ensemble), Rosalie Trego (Ensemble), Frank Vaughn (Ensemble), Arthur Verbowvans (Ensemble), Dorothy Verlaine (Ensemble), Irving Weinstein (Ensemble), Dean Wheeler (Ensemble)
Commentaires : Imperial Theatre (19 Sep 1928 - Nov 1929)
Casino Theatre (18 Nov 18 1929 - 14 Dec 14 1929)

Version 2

New Moon (The) (1929-04-Drury Lane Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Drury Lane Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 4 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 148 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 04 avril 1929
Première : jeudi 04 avril 1929
Dernière : samedi 10 août 1929
Mise en scène : Felix Edwardes
Chorégraphie : Bobby Connolly
Producteur :
Avec : Evelyn Laye (Marianne Beaunoir), Howett Worster (Robert Mission), Gene Gerrard (Alexander), Ben Williams (Philippe), Dolores Farris (Julie)
Commentaires : La production originale de Broadway a ouvert ses portes en septembre 1928, après une période de gestation troublée impliquant une tournée abandonnée, un nouveau livret, de nouvelles chansons et plusieurs changements de casting. Il a finalement gagné et présenté 509 représentations.
Il n’a pas eu cette chance à Londres. Bien que ce soit la quatrième comédie musicale d'Oscar Hammerstein consécutive à se jouer au Drury Lane, il s’est avéré être le moins réussi, et a réussi à tenir l'affiche seulement quatre mois. Lors de l'annonce de la fermeture du show, Sir Alfred Butt a fait la déclaration suivante à la presse: «The New Moon a 4.000£ de recettes par semaine, mais cela ne permet pas son maintien. Les principales dépenses sont les suivantes: salaires des artistes: 1.587£; honoraires des auteurs et des compositeurs: 543£; orchestre: 279£; personnel de scène: 231£; éclairage et chauffage: 183£; publicité: 330£; personnel du théâtre: 199£; entretien des costumes: 131£. L’élément important du loyer et des autres charges n’est pas inclus. Il y a aussi les dépenses de production à prendre en compte. La politique des grands spectacles musicaux – en particulier des États-Unis, où les auteurs et les compositeurs accaparent plus d’un huitième des recettes totales – est très dangereuse».

Version 3

New Moon (The) (1930-12-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : lundi 01 décembre 1930
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Jack Conway
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Lawrence Tibbett, Grace Moore, Adolphe Menjou, Roland Young, Gus Shy, Emily Fitzroy

Version 4

New Moon (The) (1940-07-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : vendredi 19 juillet 1940
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Robert Z. Leonard • W.S. Van Dyke
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Jeanette MacDonald (Marianne de Beaumanoir), Nelson Eddy (Charles (Henri), Duc de Villiers), Mary Boland (Valerie de Rossac), George Zucco (Vicomte Ribaud), H. B. Warner (Father Michel), Grant Mitchell (Governor of New Orleans), Stanley Fields (Tambour), Dick Purcell (Alexander), John Miljan (Pierre Brugnon), Ivan F. Simpson (Guizot), William Tannen (Pierre), Cecil Cunningham (Governor's Wife), Joe Yule (Maurice), Ray Walker (Coco), George Irving (Ship's Captain), Edwin Maxwell (Captain de Jean), Robert Warwick (Commissar), Claude King (Monsieur Dubois), Buster Keaton (Prisoner Lulu (uncredited))

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