Musical (1932)

Musique: Jerome Kern
Paroles: Oscar Hammerstein II
Livret: Oscar Hammerstein II
Production à la création:

The musical takes place in Bavaria during the 1930s but some contemporary productions have modified it to present day.

In the simple mountain town of Edendorff in Bavaria, music teacher Dr. Walther Lessing has a beautiful daughter Sieglinde. She is in love with Karl Reder, the local schoolmaster. Karl and Sieglinde travel to the sophisticated city of Munich and try to get a song written by Walther and Karl published. Karl becomes enamored of glamorous operetta diva Frieda Hatzfeld while Sieglinde is smitten by Bruno Mahler, an operetta librettist with whom Frieda lives. Mahler wants Sieglinde to appear in his new work "Tingle-Tangle". Frieda moves out of Mahler's apartment and moves to an hotel where she can see Karl on a regular basis.

Bruno takes Sieglinde to the Munich zoo where Sieglinde is warned by Cornelius, a bird-seller, that as she and Karl are country people, it is not wise to stay in the big city. Sieglinde spurns an unwanted pass from Bruno while Frieda finds Karl equally unresponsive. Frieda plans to leave for Berlin to star in a new film. Before she leaves, she warns Karl that Bruno will cast Sieglinde aside as soon as he has used her. It is up to Karl to tell the producer of the show that Frieda has left. Bruno insists, to Karl's chagrin, that Sieglinde can take over the leading role in the operetta. Resulting from machinations of her father, and a somewhat chaotic dress rehearsal it becomes evident that Sieglinde is far too inexperienced to take on a leading role. As a result Bruno's affections vanish. Walther and Sieglinde are told in no uncertain terms that the theatre is no place for amateurs and they should return to their home, and they do.

Frieda meanwhile has returned to take up the leading role and is an overwhelming success. Karl returns to Edendorff and to Sieglinde, both having learned a valuable lesson.

The original Broadway production opened at the Alvin Theatre on November 8, 1932, moved to the 44th Street Theatre on March 31, 1933 and closed on September 16, 1933 after 342 performances. It was directed by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein, and the cast included Reinald Werrenrath (Cornelius), Natalie Hall (Frieda Hatzfeld), Tullio Carminati (Bruno Mahler), Katherine Carrington (Sieglinde Lessing), Al Shean (Dr. Walter Lessing), Walter Slezak (Karl Reder), Nicholas Joy (Ernst Weber), and Marjorie Main (Anna). The music was orchestrated by Robert Russell Bennett.

The musical opened in the West End at His Majesty's Theatre on May 19, 1933 and ran for 199 performances. The musical was staged at The Muny outdoor musical theatre, St. Louis, Missouri, in 1934, and again in 1937, 1944 and 1951.

The 1934 film version starred Gloria Swanson, John Boles, Douglass Montgomery, June Lang, and Al Shean. The director was Joe May, and the screenplay was by Howard Irving Young and Billy Wilder. It was released by Fox Film Corporation. The 1934 film, however, omitted the show's best-known number, The Song Is You. The song was filmed, but deleted from the final print.

A 1951 Broadway revival ran from October 8, 1951 through November 24, 1951 at the Ziegfeld Theatre. Directed by Oscar Hammerstein II, the cast featured Jane Pickens, Dennis King and Charles Winninger. Because of possible anti-German feeling after World War II, Hammerstein changed the setting from Munich to Zurich with the resulting Swiss nationalities.

In 2009, Encores! at New York City Center presented a staged concert version of the show, starring Douglas Sills (Bruno Mahler), Sierra Boggess (Sieglinde Lessing), Dick Latessa (Herr Direktor Kirschner), Marni Nixon (Frau Direktor Kirschner), Ryan Silverman (Karl Reder) and Kristin Chenoweth (Frieda Hatzfeld). It ran from February 5 until February 8.

Acte I

Melodies of May – Choral Society
I've Told Ev'ry Little Star – Karl Reder
Prayer – Karl Reder, Sieglinde Lessing and Ensemble
There's a Hill Beyond a Hill – Hans and Walking Club
I'm Coming Home – Bruno Mahler
And Love Was Born – Cornelius
I'm Alone – Frieda Hatzfeld
I Am So Eager – Bruno Mahler, Frieda Hatzfeld and Ensemble
Finaletto – Marthe, Ernst Weber and Dr. Walter Lessing

Acte II

One More Dance – Bruno Mahler
Night Flies By – Frieda Hatzfeld
I've Told Every Little Star (Reprise) – Sieglinde Lessing
I'm Alone (Reprise) – Frieda Hatzfeld
When the Spring Is in the Air – Sieglinde Lessing and Ensemble
In Egern on the Tegern See – Frau Direktor Kirschner
The Song Is You – Bruno Mahler
I'm Alone (Reprise) – Frieda Hatzfeld
The Song Is You (Reprise) – Frieda Hatzfeld and Bruno Mahler
We Belong Together – Karl Reder, Sieglinde Lessing, Cornelius and Company

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Music in the Air

Version 1

Music in the Air (1932-11-Alvin Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Neil Simon Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 10 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 342 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 08 novembre 1932
Première : mardi 08 novembre 1932
Dernière : samedi 16 septembre 1933
Mise en scène : Oscar Hammerstein II • Jerome Kern
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Edward Austen (Man/Walking Club), Stella Bailey (Edendorf Girl), Ann Barrie (Tessie), Thea Bayles (Soprano/Walking Club), Charles BelinGeorge Bell (The Apothecary), Nomy Bencid (Mezzo/Walking Club), Beatrice Berenson (Soprano/Walking Club), John Brooke (Basso/Choral Society), Peggy Burgess (Mezzo/Walking Club), Betty Cardozo (Edendorf Child), Tullio Carminati (Bruno Mahler), Katherine Carrington (Sieglinde Lessing), Marie Cartwright (Soprano/Walking Club), Claire Cole (Frau Lena Baum), Rose Collins (Contralto/Choral Society), Mlle. Desha (Hulde), George Dieter (Son), Georgina Dieter (Contralto/Walking Club), Frank Dobert (Basso/Choral Society), Paul Donah (Father Joch), Evelyn Eaton (Edendorf Child), Carl Edem (Stout Father), Kathleen Edwards (Sophie), June Elkins (Contralto/Choral Society), Peggy Frazier (Contralto/Walking Club), Carol Gay (Soprano/Walking Club), Georg Gerhardi (The Tobacconist), Noel Gordon (Edendorf Girl), Norman Gray (Man/Walking Club), Gabrielle Guelpli (Mrs. Pflugfelder), Sally Hadley (Mezzo/Choral Society), Natalie Hall (Frieda Hatzfeld), Beatrice Hannen (Contralto/Walking Club), Edward Hayes (Hans), Clifford Heckinger (Heinrich), Gertrude Houk (Mezzo/Choral Society), Betty Howson (Contralto/Walking Club), Paul Janvert (The Doctor), Dorothy Johnson (Marthe), Nicholas Joy (Ernst Weber), Elise Joyce (Contralto/Walking Club), Joan Kent (Edendorf Girl), Eugene King (Tenor/Choral Society), Frances Kruger (Edendorf Girl), Mary Lange (Edendorf Girl), Laura (The Bear), Anton Lieb (Basso/Choral Society), George Ludwig (Waiter), Marjorie Main (Anna), Jane Manners (Edendorf Girl), Francis Marion (Contralto/Choral Society), Rita Marks (Soprano/Walking Club), Rena McAfee (Edendorf Girl), Alexander McKee (Man/Walking Club), Mary McQuade (Tila), June Meier (Edendorf Child), Harry Mestayer (Uppmann), Marcelle Miller (Edendorf Girl), Marguerite Morano (Mezzo/Walking Club), Ann Moss (Soprano/Walking Club), Leone Neumann (Soprano/Walking Club), Alexis Obolensky (Herr Direktor Kirschner), H. Pallenberg (Bear Trainer), Grace Panvini (Soprano/Walking Club), Virginia Rey (Mezzo/Walking Club), Robert Rhodes (Second Tenor/Choral Society), Mary Alice Rice (Contralto/Walking Club), Alfred Russ (Zoo Attendant), Ivy Scott (Frau Direktor Kirschner), Marty Semon (Burgomaster), Rosalind Shaw (Contralto/Walking Club), Al Shean (Dr. Walter Lessing), Walter Slezak (Karl Reder), Katherine Spector (Mezzo/Walking Club), George Spelvin (Priest), Carl Spiegel (Baum), Marion Stuart (Mezzo/Choral Society), Frances Tannehill (Edendorf Child), Helen Taylor (Mezzo/Walking Club), William Torpey (Gusterl), Lydia Van Gilder (Frau Schreimann), Vivian Vance (Contralto/Choral Society), Diana Walker (Edendorf Girl), Finette Walker (Soprano/Choral Society), Carrie Weller (Stout Mother), Reinald Werrenrath (Cornelius), Robert Williamson (Pfugfelder), Tamara Zoya (Contralto/Walking Club)
Commentaires : Alvin Theatre (Nov 08, 1932 - Mar 13, 1933)
44th Street Theatre (Mar 31, 1933 - Sep 16, 1933)

Version 2

Music in the Air (1933-05-His Majesty's Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Her Majesty's Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 7 mois 4 semaines
Nombre : 272 représentations
Première Preview : vendredi 19 mai 1933
Première : vendredi 19 mai 1933
Dernière : vendredi 19 janvier 1934
Mise en scène : Oscar Hammerstein II • Jerome Kern
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Mary Ellis (Frieda Hatzfeld), Arthur Margetson (Bruno Mahler), Eve Lister (Sieglinde Lessing), Horace Hodges (Dr Walther Lessing), Bruce Carfax (Karl Reder), Herbert Ross (Ernst Weber), Muriel George (Lili Kirschner), Lance Fairfax (Cornelius)
Commentaires : Kern and Hammerstein re-created the show in London

Version 3

Music in the Air (1934-12-Film)

Type de série: Film
Théâtre: *** Film (*** - ***)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : jeudi 13 décembre 1934
Première : jeudi 13 décembre 1934
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Joe May
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Gloria Swanson (Frieda Hotzfelt), John Boles (Bruno Mahler), Douglass Montgomery (Karl Order), June Lang (Sieglinde Lessing), Al Shean (Dr. Walter Lessing), Reginald Owen (Ernst Weber), Joseph Cawthorn (Hans Uppman), Hobart Bosworth (Cornelius), Sara Haden (Martha), Marjorie Main (Anna), Roger Imhof (Burgomaster), Jed Prouty (Kirschner), Christian Rub (Zipfelhuber), Fuzzy Knight (Nick), George Chandler (Assistant Stage Manager)
Commentaires : Le film a été un échec commercial à sa sortie, perdant 389.000$. Ce fut la pire sortie de Fox Film cette année-là.

Version 4

Music in the Air (1951-10-Ziegfield Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Revival
Théâtre: Ziegfield Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 56 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 08 octobre 1951
Première : lundi 08 octobre 1951
Dernière : samedi 24 novembre 1951
Mise en scène : Oscar Hammerstein II
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Dennis King (Bruno Mahler), Conrad Nagel (Ernst Weber), Jane Pickens (Frieda Hatzfeld), Charles Winninger (Dr. Walter Lessing), Gordon AlexanderRobert Baird (Man/Walking Club), James Beni (Porter), Richard Bishop (Kirschner), Walter Born (Pfugfelder), Robert Busch (Man/Walking Club), Richard Case (Herman), Georgianna Catal (Child), Madelaine Chambers (Woman), Carlo Corelli (Schmidt), Charles Dunn (Man/Walking Club), Jean Ellsperman (Frau Schreimann), Marybeth Fitzpatrick (Tila), Hal Frye (Burgomaster), Warren Galjour (Man/Walking Club), Robert Gilson (Man/Walking Club), Mitchell Gregg (Karl Reder), Norah Howard (Anna), Mary Hoyer (Child), Joan Keenan (Woman), Julie Kelety (Mrs. Pflugfelder), John M. King (Waiter), William Krach (Man/Walking Club), Rosemary Kuhlmann (Woman), Sheila Mathews (Woman), Lillian Murphy (Sieglinde Lessing), Grace Olsen (Woman), Frederick Olsson (Man/Walking Club), Muriel O'Malley (Lilli), Biruta Ramoska (Barmaid), Fred Rivett (Man/Walking Club), Charles Saari (Child), Marjorie Samsel (Woman), Terry Saunders (Marthe), Guy Spaull (Uppmann), Helen Stanton (Woman), Susan Steell (Frau Moeller), Donald Thrall (Man/Walking Club), Waldorf (Zoo Attendant), Milton Watson (Priest)

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