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Musique: Richard Rodgers • Paroles: Lorenz M. Hart • Livret: George Abott • William Shakespeare • Production originale: 7 versions mentionnées
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The Boys from Syracuse is a musical with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Lorenz Hart, based on William Shakespeare's play, The Comedy of Errors, as adapted by librettist George Abbott. The score includes swing and other contemporary rhythms of the 1930s. The show was the first musical based on a Shakespeare play. The Comedy of Errors was itself loosely based on a Roman play, The Menaechmi, or the Twin Brothers, by Plautus. The play premiered on Broadway in 1938 and Off-Broadway in 1963, with later productions including a West End run in 1963 and in a Broadway revival in 2002. A film adaptation was released in 1940. Well-known songs from the score include "Falling In Love With Love", "This Can't Be Love" and "Sing for Your Supper".
Genèse: As the story has it, Rodgers and Hart were on a train to Atlantic City, where their I Married An Angel was in rehearsal, when Rodgers proposed to Hart that they do something based on Shakespeare. Today of course, after West Side Story (arguably the best musical in history), Rockabye Hamlet (possibly the worst), and several shows in between, the idea has all the zing of, "How about a rock musical?", but in early 1938, no such musical comedy had reached Broadway, and Hart reportedly loved the notion. He especially loved the idea of creating an opportunity for his younger brother, the comedian Teddy Hart. Teddy had a problem: he looked a lot like another better known comic, Jimmy Savo; but the resemblance could be put to good use in an adaptation of The Comedy Of Errors, in which the low-comedy roles of the twin Dromios steal the show. Rodgers and Hart brought in George Abbott, who had been working with them on and off since Jumbo in 1935. For The Boys From Syracuse, Abbott would produce, direct, and adapt the play. "The book that he came up with was exactly what we wanted, " Rodgers recalled in the New York Herald Tribune at the time of the 1963 revival, "bright, fast moving, but, in its own wacky way, very much in the bawdy Shakespearean tradition." On November 23, 1938, The Boys from Syracuse became, amazingly, the sixth Rodgers and Hart show to reach Broadway in three years, but despite a pleasing cast that included Eddie Albert, Muriel Angelus and Burl Ives, the reviews were mixed, and the show ran for only 235 performances - not unusual for a "hit" of the day, but still something of a disappointment. "This Can't Be Love", however, reached the national top 10 twice in 1938-39, in recordings by Horace Heidt and then Benny Goodman; Frances Langford's 1939 "Falling In Love With Love" gave the show yet another hit record. Abbott directed and George Balanchine choreographed the original production, which opened on Broadway at the Alvin Theater on November 23, 1938, after tryouts in New Haven, Connecticut and Boston. The show closed on June 10, 1939 after 235 performances. It starred Eddie Albert (Antipholus of Syracuse), Ronald Graham (Antipholus of Ephesus), Teddy Hart (Dromio of Ephesus), Jimmy Savo (Dromio of Syracuse), Muriel Angelus (Adriana) and Marcy Westcott (Luciana). Scenic and lighting design were by Jo Mielziner and costumes were by Irene Sharaff. The show was revived Off-Broadway, opening at Theatre Four on April 15, 1963 and running for 500 performances. Directed by Christopher Hewett, the cast featured Stuart Damon (Antipholus of Syracuse), Clifford David (Antipholus of Ephesus), Danny Carroll (Dromio of Syracuse), Rudy Tronto (Dromio of Ephesus), Ellen Hanley (Adriana), Julienne Marie (Luciana), and Cathryn Damon. A West End production opened at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane on November 7, 1963 based on the off-Broadway production, starring Denis Quilley, Maggie Fitzgibbon, Paula Hendrix, Pat Turner, Sonny Farrar, Adam Deane, John Adams, Edward Atienza, Ronnie Corbett, Lynn Kennington, and Bob Monkhouse. A film version was released on August 9, 1940 by Universal Pictures. Directed by A. Edward Sutherland, the film starred Allan Jones in the dual roles of the two Antipholuses, Joe Penner in the dual roles of the Dromios, Martha Raye and Irene Hervey. A revival directed by Judi Dench was mounted at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre in London in July through August 1991, and toured the UK in September and October 1991. Louise Gold played Adriana. The Roundabout Theatre revival opened on Broadway at the American Airlines Theatre on August 18, 2002 and ran for 73 performances and 29 previews. The revival featured a new book by Nicky Silver based on the original book. It was directed by Scott Ellis with choreography by Rob Ashford, and the cast featured Jonathan Dokuchitz (Antipholus of Syracuse), Tom Hewitt (Antipholus of Ephesus), Lee Wilkof (Dromio of Syracuse), Chip Zien (Dromio of Ephesus), Erin Dilly (Luciana) and Lauren Mitchell (Adriana).
Résumé: The twins Antipholus of Ephesus (Ronald Graham) and Antipholus of Syracuse (Eddie Albert), who were separated when young, have taken on twin servants, both named Dromio (Teddy Hart and Jimmy Savo). When the pair from Syracuse come to Ephesus, a comedy of errors ensues that involves the wife Adriana (Muriel Angelus), her sister Luciana (Marcy Wescott), and others in the town.
Création: 23/11/1938 - Neil Simon Theatre (Broadway) - représ.
Musique: Jerry Ross • Richard Adler • Paroles: Jerry Ross • Richard Adler • Livret: George Abott • Richard Bissell • Production originale: 9 versions mentionnées
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Résumé: Workers at the Sleep-Tite Pajama Factory are demanding a raise of seven and a half cents an hour but the union's demands are falling on deaf ears. Meanwhile, a romance is budding between Babe, the grievance committee head, and Sid, the new factory superintendent.
Création: 13/5/1954 - St. James Theatre (Broadway) - représ.