Tel:   0800 944 44
 graphic logo  


L'événement culturel de l'été à Bruxelles!    

Retour à la page précédente



Musical (1915)


Musique: Scott Joplin
Paroles:
Livret: Scott Joplin

L’histoire parle de Treemonisha, la seule femme afro-américaine instruite d'un village, qui pouesse les villageois à sortir de l’ignorance. La morale de Joplin est que voyant les problèmes des communautés afro-américaines il croyait que l’égalité raciale viendrait avec l’éducation. On peut faire l'analogie de Treemonisha avec la Flûte enchantée de Mozart dans laquelle la connaissance et la sagesse de Zarastro sont opposées à l'obscurantisme de la Reine de la nuit : ici, une centaine d'années après Mozart, c'est aussi l'éducation qui est opposée à la superstition et à l'obscurantisme.

Treemonisha takes place in September 1884 on a former slave plantation in an isolated forest, between Texarkana, Texas (Joplin's childhood town) and the Red River in Arkansas. Treemonisha is a young freedwoman. After being taught to read by a white woman, she leads her community against the influence of conjurers, who are shown as preying on ignorance and superstition. Treemonisha is abducted and is about to be thrown into a wasps' nest when her friend Remus rescues her. The community realizes the value of education and the liability of their ignorance before choosing her as their teacher and leader.

The opera opens with Zodzetrick, a conjurer, attempting to sell a bag of luck to Monisha ("The Bag of Luck"). However, her husband, Ned, wards him off. As Zodzetrick slinks away, Treemonisha and Remus hear the folks singing and excitedly prepare for the day ("The Corn Huskers"). Treemonisha then asks if they would like a ring play before they worked. They accept, and Andy leads the folks in a song and dance ("We're Goin' Around"). When the folks have finished dancing, Treemonisha notices that the women wear wreaths on their heads, and she herself tries to acquire one from a tree ("The Wreath"). However, Monisha stops her in her tracks, and tells her of how this certain tree is sacred. Monisha performs an aria, talking of Treemonisha's discovery under the tree ("The Sacred Tree"). Treemonisha is distraught to learn Monisha and Ned aren't her true parents and laments over it ("Surprised"). Monisha then tells of how Treemonisha was brought up and educated ("Treemonisha's Bringing Up"). Parson Alltalk then arrives in a wagon, talking to the neighborhood and confirming their belief in superstition. Whilst he distracts the folks, the conjurers kidnap Treemonisha ("Good Advice"). Once Alltalk leaves, the neighborhood realizes Treemonisha is gone ("Confusion"). Remus sets out to rescue Treemonisha.

Act 2 opens with Simon, another conjurer, singing of superstition ("Superstition"). Zodzetrick, Luddud and Cephus then debate on Treemonisha's punishment for foiling their plans earlier in the day ("Treemonisha in Peril"). Whilst Treemonisha is bound, strange creatures perform a dance number about her ("Frolic of the Bears"). Simon and Cephus then take Treemonisha to be thrown in a giant wasps' nest ("The Wasp Nest"), but Remus arrives just in time, masquerading as the devil, scaring the conjurers away ("The Rescue"). The next scene opens on another plantation, where four laborers perform a quartet about having a break ("We Will Rest Awhile / Song of the Cotton Pickers"). Treemonisha and Remus then arrive, and ask for directions to the John Smith plantation. Once they have left, the workers hear a horn, and celebrate that their work is finished for the day ("Aunt Dinah has Blowed de Horn").

The third act opens with a prelude ("Prelude to Act 3") in an abandoned plantation. Back in the neighborhood, Monisha and Ned mourn about Treemonisha's disappearance ("I Want to See My Child"). When Remus and Treemonisha return, the neighborhood celebrate, and show that they have captured two of the conjurers, Zodzetrick and Luddud ("Treemonisha's Return"). Remus then lectures about good and evil ("Wrong is Never Right (A Lecture)"). Andy still wants to punish the conjurers, and riles up the neighborhood to attack them ("Abuse"). Ned then lectures the conjurers about their own nature ("When Villains Ramble Far and Near (A Lecture)"). Treemonisha persuades Andy to forgive the conjurers ("Conjurers Forgiven"), and sets them both free. Luddud decides to abandon conjuring, but Zodzetrick insists that he will never change his ways. The neighborhood then elect Treemonisha as their new leader ("We Will Trust You As Our Leader"), and they celebrate with a closing dance ("A Real Slow Drag").

Tout le monde connaît Porgy and Bess, ne serait-ce que par « Summertime », opéra noir d’un compositeur blanc (mais juif). Personne ne connaît Treemonisha, premier opéra écrit sur des noirs par un noir. Le Châtelet, que l’on devrait rebaptiser Théâtre américain de Paris depuis l’avalanche de musicals qu’il a déclenchée, le monte avec courage en première française.

Scott Joplin, l’enfant terrible du ragtime, claviériste funambule, s’était déjà frotté à l’Opéra, avec une partition que l’on n’a jamais retrouvée, A Guest of Honour (1903), et qui connut une seule représentation privée par la très fugitive - ségrégation oblige - Scott Joplin Drama Company. En 1907, Joplin résolut de s’installer à New York, espérant en Broadway. Las, son second ouvrage lyrique connaîtra le même sort : une représentation privée en 1911, quatre années après que la partition ait été achevée. Ce second échec brisa toutes ses ambitions de compositeur et hâta sa mort, deux années plus tard, plongée dans la démence syphilitique.

Treemonisha fut un échec pour Scott Joplin car les Noirs n'allaient pas à l'opéra et les blancs ne voulaient pas aller voir un opéra écrit pour les Noirs. Sa fille réussit à le faire enfin monter, en 1972 pour la première fois au Morehouse College à Atlanta. La première représentation complète professionnelle date de 1975 par le Houston Grand Opera dont la ournée passera à l'Uris Theatre de Broadway.





Acte I

Overture
The Bag of Luck – Zodzetrick, Monisha, Ned, Treemonisha, Remus
The Corn Huskers – Chorus, Treemonisha, Remus
We're Goin' Around (A Ring Play) – Andy, Chorus
The Wreath – Treemonisha, Lucy, Monisha, Chorus
The Sacred Tree – Monisha
Surprised – Treemonisha, Chorus
Treemonisha's Bringing Up – Monisha, Treemonisha, Chorus
Good Advice – Parson Alltalk, Chorus
Confusion – Monisha, Chorus, Lucy, Ned, Remus

Acte II

Superstition – Simon, Chorus
Treemonisha in Peril – Simon, Chorus, Zodzetrick, Luddud, Cephus
Frolic of the Bears
The Wasp Nest – Simon, Chorus, Cephus
The Rescue – Treemonisha, Remus
We Will Rest Awhile / Song of the Cotton Pickers – Chorus
Going Home – Treemonisha, Remus, Chorus
Aunt Dinah Has Blowed de Horn – Chorus

Acte III

Prelude to Act III
I Want To See My Child – Monisha, Ned
Treemonisha's Return – Monisha, Ned, Remus, Treemonisha, Chorus, Andy, Zodzetrick, Luddud
Wrong is Never Right (A Lecture) – Remus, Chorus
Abuse – Andy, Chorus, Treemonisha
When Villains Ramble Far and Near (A Lecture) – Ned
Conjurors Forgiven – Treemonisha, Andy, Chorus
We Will Trust You As Our Leader – Treemonisha, Chorus
A Real Slow Drag – Treemonisha, Lucy, Chorus

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Treemonisha





Version 1

Treemonisha (1975-10-Uris Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Gershwin Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 6 previews - 64 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 15 octobre 1975
Première : mardi 21 octobre 1975
Dernière : dimanche 14 décembre 1975
Mise en scène : Frank Corsaro
Chorégraphie :
Avec : Betty Allen (Monisha), Carmen Balthrop (Treemonisha), Curtis Rayam (Remus), Raymond Bazemore (Simon), Dorceal DuckensBen Harney (Zodzetrick), Kenneth Hicks (Andy), Cora Johnson (Lucy), The Louis Johnson Dance Theatre (Treemonisha Dancer), Edward Pierson (Parson Alltalk), Dwight Ransom (Cephus), Willard White (Ned), Earl L. Baker (Treemonisha Chorus), Thea Barnes (Treemonisha Dancer), Clyde-Jacques Barrett (Treemonisha Dancer), Kenneth Bates (Treemonisha Chorus), Kathleen Battle (Treemonisha), Dwight Baxter (Treemonisha Dancer), Renee Brailsford (Treemonisha Dancer), Karen Burke (Treemonisha Dancer), Barbara Christopher (Treemonisha Chorus), Steven Cole (Treemonisha Chorus), Ella Eure (Treemonisha Chorus), Gregory Gardner (Treemonisha Chorus), Reggie Jackson (Treemonisha Dancer), Veda Jackson (Treemonisha Dancer), Melvin Jordan (Treemonisha Chorus), Julia Lema (Treemonisha Dancer), Anita Littleman (Treemonisha Dancer), Patricia McDermott (Treemonisha Chorus), Janette Moody (Treemonisha Chorus), Marion Moore (Treemonisha Chorus), Vera Moore (Treemonisha Chorus), Lorna Myers (Monisha), Rick Odums (Treemonisha Dancer), Glover Parham (Treemonisha Chorus), Patricia Pates (Treemonisha Chorus), William Penn (Treemonisha Chorus), Dwayne Phelps (Treemonisha Dancer), Ivson Polk (Treemonisha Dancer), Dwight Ransom (Treemonisha Chorus), Cornel Richie (Treemonisha Chorus), Mabel Robinson (Treemonisha Dancer), Patricia Rogers (Treemonisha Chorus), Martial Roumain (Treemonisha Dancer), Katherine Singleton (Treemonisha Dancer), Christine Spencer (Treemonisha Chorus), James Thurston (Treemonisha Dancer), Walter Turnbull (Treemonisha Chorus), Gloria Turner (Treemonisha Chorus), Bobby Walker (Treemonisha Dancer), Peter Whitehead (Treemonisha Chorus), Arthur Williams (Treemonisha Chorus), Pamela Wilson (Treemonisha Dancer), Barbara Young (Treemonisha Chorus)
Commentaires :
Uris Theatre (21 oct 1975 - 2 nov 1975)
Palace Theatre (4 nov 1975 - 14 déc 1975)
En savoir plus sur cette version





 Pas encore de video disponible pour ce spectacle





Top