Musical (1925)

Musique: Rudolf Friml
Paroles: Brian Hooker • William H. Post
Livret: Brian Hooker • William H. Post
Production à la création:

Paris is under siege by the forces of the Duke of Burgundy; popular support for King Louis XI is at a low point. Villon – poet, braggart, thief and darling of the Paris rabble – has sent anonymous love poems to the beautiful Katherine de Vaucelles. These have caused her to reject proposals from King Louis. She goes to seek the mysterious poet at an inn, but King Louis shadows her in disguise. Louis is incensed to hear Villon mocking the failures of his reign and saying what he would do instead "if I were king." The infuriated monarch reveals himself. The king gives Villon a hard choice: as punishment for speaking treasonously, he must either stop courting Katherine or accept the position of Grand Marshal, with all the powers of King, for 24 hours, during which time he must make good on his boasts and free Paris. At the end of the 24 hours, Villon will hang. Villon's dilemma is that he has promised himself to Huguette, his mistress, but now is deeply in love with Katherine.

Villon and Katherine declare their love for each other ("Only a Rose"). Hugette describes her means of livelihood ("Love for Sale"). Villon accepts Louis' challenge. Rather than sending the King's Scottish mercenaries against the Burgundians, Villon rouses the Paris mob to defend the city. Huguette discovers that Thibault, one of Louis's advisors, is a traitor. When Thibault ambushes Villon and tries to stab him to death, Huguette steps in front of the blade and takes the blow, thus sacrificing her life, and freeing Villon to be with Katherine. He kills Thibault in retaliation and then leads the Paris rabble to fight the Burgundians. The Parisians emerge victorious. After the battle is over, Katharine offers to sacrifice herself to the hangman in order to save Villon. Louis, realizing he cannot shed noble blood without a just cause, rewards Villon with exile instead of death, and the two lovers leave together.

"If I Were King" de Justin Huntly McCarthy's (roman et pièce)

In 1901, writer Justin Huntly McCarthy sentimentalized Villon's career in a novel, If I Were King, that borrowed the king-for-a-day theme, allowing Villon to defeat France's enemies and win the hand of an aristocratic lady, all in under 24 hours. The author adapted it as a Broadway play the same year and in London in 1902, and it was revived several times. In 1923, Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart were at the beginning of their careers. They created a musical version of the McCarthy play for a Manhattan girls' school and then looked for a more prestigious venue for their collaboration. Broadway backers turned down the young team, but producer Russell Janney "borrowed" their idea and commissioned the more established Rudolf Friml to compose, and Brian Hooker to adapt the piece into a musical, increasing the comedy roles.

The original production opened at the Casino Theatre on September 21, 1925. It starred Dennis King as Villon and Carolyn Thomson as Katherine and ran for a very successful 511 performances. The production was lavish and used an unusually large pit orchestra. It received unanimously enthusiastic reviews. The operetta then had a successful run in London in 1927 at the Winter Garden Theatre, running for 480 performances, and toured extensively. Its revivals include a 1943 Broadway revival. It was also performed regularly in the 1970s and 1980s in New York by the Light Opera of Manhattan.

A 1930 musical film with the same title was filmed in two-color Technicolor, with Dennis King reprising his stage role. Jeanette MacDonald and Lillian Roth co-starred. It was long thought lost, but was recovered and restored in 1998. Several non-Friml songs were added in this version. The film was remade in 1956 in regular Technicolor and VistaVision. It starred Kathryn Grayson, Oreste Kirkop, Rita Moreno, Walter Hampden and Cedric Hardwicke. Only a few songs were from the original, but new Friml numbers were added. Leslie Nielsen and Jack Lord were featured in villainous roles. This remake was not a success.

Act 1
Life is Like a Bubble in Our Glasses – Ensemble
Love for Sale – Huguette du Hamel, Chorus and Dance Ensemble
Drinking Song (A Flagon of Wine) – Guy Tabarie and Male Chorus
Song of the Vagabonds – Villon and Chorus
Some Day – Katherine de Vaucelles
Only a Rose and Finale – Katherine and Villon

Act 2
Hunting – Noel Le Jolys, Chorus and Dance Ensemble
Scotch Archers' Song – Captain of Scotch Archers and Archers
Tomorrow – Katherine, Villon and Chorus
Finale, Act II – Ensemble

Act 3
Nocturne – Ensemble & Ballet
Serenade – Oliver Le Dain, Guy Tabarie and Lady Mary
Waltz Huguette (Huguette Waltz - "Never try to Bind Me") – Huguette du Hamel
Love Me Tonight – Katherine and Villon
Finale, Act III – Ensemble

Act 4
Te Deum – Ensemble
Victory March ("Song of the Vagabonds" reprise) and Finale, Act IV – Ensemble

Katherine (soprano) – Carolyn Thomson
Huguette (mezzo-soprano) – Jane Carroll
Lady Mary, a courtier – Olga Treskoff
Villon (lyric baritone; a tenor in the 1956 film) – Dennis King
Guy Tabarie (baritone) – Herbert Corthell
Noel, a Court popinjay – Herbert Delmore
Oliver, Keeper of the Royal Bath – Julian Winter
Captain of the Scotch Archers – Charles Carver
Rene, a rogue – Robert Craik
The Herald of Burgundy – Earl Waldo
Fat Margot, keeper of a tavern-brothel – Catherine Hayes
King Louis (non-singing) – Max Figman
Tristan l'Hermite, his trusted adviser (non-singing) – H. H. McCullum
Thibault d'Aussigny, his traitorous Grand Marshal (non-singing) – Bryan Lycan
Isabeau and Jehanneton, harlots (non-singing) – Vivian Kelley and Mimi Hayes
The Queen (non-singing) – Tamm Cortez
Jehan, a thief (non-singing) – Marius Rogati
Casin, an astrologer (non-singing) – Leon Cunningham

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Vagabond King (The)

Version 1

Vagabond King (The) (1926-12-Casino Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: Casino Theatre (Bway) (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 1 an 2 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 511 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 21 septembre 1925
Première : lundi 21 septembre 1925
Dernière : samedi 04 décembre 1926
Mise en scène : Max Figman
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Fern Adrian (Court Lady), Marion Alta (First Court Lady), Grace Angelau (Court Lady), Ann Austin (Second Court Lady), Francis BaldwinE. H. Barlab (Tavern Man), Joseph Batistich (Scotch Archer), Triny Broekman (Tavern Girl), Caroline Cantlon (Tavern Girl), Jane Carroll (Huguette du Hamel), Charles Carver (Captain of Scotch Archers), Betty Chapin (Page/Dancer), Harry Clark (Scotch Archer), Earl Clayton (Scotch Archer), Alfred Cortez (Courtier), Tamm Cortez (The Queen), Herbert Corthell (Guy Tabarie), Florence Courtney (Page/Dancer), Robert Craik (Rene de Montigny), Herbert Crane (Scotch Archer), Walter Cross (First Courtier), Leon Cunningham (Casin Cholet, An Astrologer), Madeleine Dare (Page/Dancer), Fanille Davies (Court Lady), Muriel Dawn (Page/Dancer), Florence DeBarde (Court Lady), Herbert Delmore (Noel Le Jolys), Helen Ely (Court Lady), Ross Ericksen (Tavern Man), Michael Evans (Scotch Archer), Cynthia Farr (Court Lady), Max Figman (Louis XIth), Dorothy Fitzgibbon (Page/Dancer), Dolores Frank (Page/Dancer), Miriam Franken (Tavern Girl), Ruth Gieber (Court Lady), Helen Grenelle (The Dancer), Margaret Grove (Court Lady), Catherine Hayes (Margot), Mimi Hayes (Jehanneton, Tavern Girl), Walter Higgins (Tavern Man), Arthur P. Hoyt (Scotch Archer), Therese Hyle (Tavern Girl), William Johnson (The Hangman), Arthur Kellar (Tavern Man), Virginia Kelley (Page/Dancer), Vivian Kelley (Isabeau), Dennis King (Francois Villon), Margaret La Motte (Court Lady), Lucy Lawlor (Tavern Girl), Melba Lee (Page/Dancer), Bryan Lycan (Thibaut D'Aussigny), Glenn Macauley (Courtier), Beatrice Marsh (Court Lady), H.H. McCullum (Tristan L'Hermite), John Mealey (Second Courtier, Scotch Archer), Estelle Mercier (Page/Dancer), Joseph Miller (Trois Echelles, Tavern Man), Margot Miller (Page/Dancer), George Mortimer (Tavern Man, The Bishop), Eona Murillo (Tavern Girl), Carlton Neville (Courtier, Colin de Cayeul), Louise Olary (Courtier), Nellie Paley (Page/Dancer), Ethel Rea (Tavern Girl), Kathryne Richmond (Tavern Girl), Marius Rogati (Jehan Le Loup, Tavern Man), Edwin Rogers (Courtier), Jack Rose (Courtier), Muriel Seaman (Court Lady), Edward Sheldon (Tavern Man), Merle Stevens (Blanche), Evelyn Stockton (Tavern Girl), Carolyn Thomson (Katherine de Vaucelles), Olga Treskoff (Lady Mary), Theola Vincent (Court Lady), Earl Waldo (Toison D'or, Burgundian Herald), Julian Winter (Oliver Le Dain), John York (Courtier)

Version 2

Vagabond King (The) (1927-04-Winter Garden Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Winter Garden Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 1 an 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 480 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 19 avril 1927
Première : mardi 19 avril 1927
Dernière : samedi 09 juin 1928
Mise en scène : Richard Boleslawsky
Chorégraphie :
Producteur :
Avec : Derek Oldham (Francois Villon), Mark Lester (Guy Taborie), Winnie Melville (Katherine de Vaucelles), H.A. Saintsbury (King Louis XI), Norah Blaney (Huguette du Hamel), Betty Eley (Lady Mary).
Commentaires : Winter Garden Theatre: 19/4/1927 – 21/1/1928
Transféré au Gaiety Theatre: 23/1/1928 – 9/6/1928.

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