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Théâtre (1927)


Musique:
Paroles:
Livret: Dorothy Heyward • DuBose Heyward

This play is the basis of the libretto of the opera Porgy and Bess (1935).

The play tells the story of Porgy, a disabled black beggar who lives in the slums of Charleston, South Carolina. It relates his efforts to rescue Bess, the woman he loves, from Crown, her violent and possessive lover, and a drug dealer called Sporting Life.

A descendant of Thomas Heyward, Jr., DuBose Heyward was from an old, white family in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1925, he published his first and best-regarded novel, Porgy, which was inspired by a news story and drawn from his sympathetic observations of African American culture. The book was a best seller. Porgy was one of a number of works portraying black life written by white authors, but it was infused with human understanding at a time that such an approach was new.

Heyward's wife, playwright Dorothy Heyward, roughed out a stage adaptation of the novel that persuaded her husband of the story's dramatic possibilities. They wrote the play together, strengthening the character of Bess, incorporating folk songs, and creating a more upbeat ending that shows Porgy following Bess to New York.

Just as the novel had been one of the first to regard African American culture seriously, Porgy was the first authentic presentation of black culture on the Broadway stage. The Heywards insisted that an African American cast perform the play, providing much-needed employment for black actors and offering white audiences a mature view of African American life. DuBose Heyward credited the actors—many of whom had theatre experience going back generations—as collaborators whose contributions transformed the drama on the stage.

Production
Sponsored by the Theatre Guild, Porgy was given its premiere on Broadway, running October 10, 1927, to August 1928, at the Guild Theatre and the Republic Theatre.

Porgy then went on tour—for nine weeks in Chicago, 11 weeks in London, and in cities including Boston, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Washington, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Detroit, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and others in the northwestern United States and Canada. The show returned to New York, running September 13 to October 1929 at the Martin Beck Theatre.

After a total of 55 weeks in New York, all of the original principal cast members of Porgy toured the nation once again, performing from October 14, 1929, into January 1930.

Porgy marked the Broadway directing debut of Rouben Mamoulian. Settings were designed by Cleon Throckmorton.[6] Portraying an aristocratic Charleston attorney, Erskine Sanford was one of only three white actors in the 65-member cast of Porgy. The boys band from the Jenkins Orphanage of Charleston was also featured.





Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Porgy





Version 1

Porgy (1927-10-Guild Theatre-Broadway)

Type de série: Original
Théâtre: August Wilson Theatre (Broadway - Etats-Unis)
Durée : 9 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 367 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 10 octobre 1927
Première : lundi 10 octobre 1927
Dernière : mercredi 18 janvier 1928
Mise en scène : Rouben Mamoulian
Chorégraphie :
Avec : Jack Carter (Crown), Peter Clark (Jim), Stanley DeWolfe (A Dectective), Evelyn Ellis (Crown's Bess), Lloyd GrayGeorgette Harvey (Maria), Wesley Hill (Jake), Richard Huey (Mingo), Rose MacClendon (Serena), Ella Madison (Annie), Maurice McRae (Policeman), Garrett Minturn (The Coroner), Dorothy Paul (Lily), Hayes Pryor (Peter), Hugh Rennie (Policeman), Percy Verwayne (Sporting Life), Leigh Whipper (The Crab Man), Frank Wilson (Porgy), Marie Young (Clara)
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 2

Porgy (1929-04-His Majesty's Theatre-London)

Type de série: Original London
Théâtre: Her Majesty's Theatre (Londres - Angleterre)
Durée : 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 61 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 10 avril 1929
Première : mercredi 10 avril 1929
Dernière : samedi 01 juin 1929
Mise en scène : Rouben Mamoulian
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version





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